Copyright 2007 by Neil Chethik –

Sigmund Freud called it “the most poignant loss” of his life. Sean Connery termed it “a shattering blow.” Norman Mailer likened it to “having a hole in your tooth. It's a pain that can never be filled.” Each year, more than 1.5 million American boys and men lose their fathers to death. And like the three men mentioned above, most are unprepared.

Recently, in writing a book about father-loss, I asked 70 ordinary men what they did, or wish they'd done, to prepare for the deaths of their dads. Here's their best advice for sons whose fathers are alive:

* Make peace with your dad.

This was by far the most common suggestion. Sons put it in a variety of ways: “Say what you have to say before it's too late.” “As quickly as you can, resolve those old issues.” “If you have any conflicts, clear them up.”

The reason for peacemaking: Sons who are estranged from, angry with, or otherwise unresolved with their dads have the hardest time recovering from a father's death. In addition to their sadness over the loss, these sons still may wrestle for years with regrets, resentments, and might-have-beens. On the other hand, sons who are at peace with the fathers tend to mourn intensely in the short-term, but rebound fully and quickly.

How to make peace with a father? Some sons feel a need to clear the air, to express lingering disappointment or anger. Others need only to thank their dads. One man told me that at the age of 37, he spontaneously hugged his dad, “and then there was just this melting. I don't recall ever resenting him again.”

* Care for your father if he is ill.

Many sons are never closer to their dads than during the weeks leading up to the father's death. They often feel freed to comfort him, to care for him – to father him.

One son, who'd sat by his father's bedside, swabbing the older man's forehead and lips, during the days before the death, said: “It was hard. But I wouldn't have traded it for anything.... He took care of me, I'm taking care of him. There was that mutual, ‘coming-full-circle' aspect of it.”

Another son took his widowed dad into his home for the last two years of the father's life. After the death, this son relished the memory of those years: “It was an important period because I'd kind of lost fellowship with my father. He was more of a stranger than a father.... It was a time for me and my dad to get to know each other again.”

* Talk with your father about his death.

This may seem morbid, or just plain rude. But most of the men who did this told me their fathers were glad to talk. Sons, it turns out, are often more afraid of a father's death than is the father himself.

Still, tact is important. One son handled the conversation deftly, approaching his 87-year-old father with these words: “I'd like to be able to carry out your wishes after your death. To do that, I need to know what your wishes are.”

The result was a conversation in which the son learned what kind of medical treatment his father wanted in late-life, what kind of funeral he wanted, and what he wanted done with some of his prized personal possessions.

The son also got a bonus: He saw that his father, who'd had a stroke, was not resisting death. Knowing this helped the son accept the death as well.

* Expose yourself to death.

For most sons, the loss of a father is the first death in their immediate family. They haven't before watched the dying process up-close, and they don't know what to expect from themselves or family members during the crisis. For such sons, it may help to look death in the eye.

One man did this by volunteering at Hospice, keeping company with people in the last days and hours of their lives. This man said: “Death is something we tend to avoid... until it's thrust upon us.... Doing something like (Hospice) – a familiarity comes. I got accustomed to death.”

Reading about death also can help, whether it's biblical scripture, poetry, even self-help books. One Christian man told me he read the Tibetan Book of Living and Dying to get a Buddhist perspective on the life-death cycle. It helped him enormously, he told me later. “If you see (death) as a natural thing, it takes a lot of the sting out of it.”

Of course, no matter how thoroughly you prepare for a father's death, you cannot fully mourn it in advance. And you generally can't predict how you will respond. Some sons told me they expected to be crestfallen at the loss, but felt only relief. Others knew the death was coming, but still entered an extended period of shock.

Nonetheless, consciously preparing for loss has value. By removing some of the surprise that comes with a close death, it can take the hard edge off the pain to come.

This article may be reprinted if the following tagline is included:

Neil Chethik is a writer and speaker. He is author of FatherLoss: How sons deal with the deaths of their dads (Hyperion) and VoiceMale: What Husbands Really Think of Their Wives (Simon & Schuster). Reach him at or at .

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Copyright 2009 Neil Chethik